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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
The journey to Kampung Boh takes two hours or more on foot and it would be more like jungle trekking. If we were to go by truck or a four-wheel drive, it would take a mere twenty to thirty minutes. Batin Nordin's village is located deep in the mountains so if visitors plan to walk, they need to bring with them food, drinks and other necessities. On arrival, visitors will be greeted warmly by villagers and visitors soon begin to get a sense of the calm and tranquility of the surroundings.

The cries of children playing, running and chasing each other can be heard well before visitors can even catch a glimpse of the kampung. Upon reaching the village, visitors are greeted by Cikgu Jefry, a warm person who is in charge of birth and death registration here. He is also responsible for reporting any sickness or emergency cases. Visitors will then be introduced to 'amek-amek' and 'abe-abe' (the mothers and fathers of the village) who smile shyly from their houses. Later, visitors will be taken to a small wooden house that has no rooms, no kitchen or stove. This modest guest house will remind everyone that they are far from civilization. Several villagers' houses come to view and these are actually longhouses with bamboo walls and supported on wooden pillars some five or seven feet above the ground to avoid animals at night. Wooden stairs provide access to the longhouse. Later, visitors will be served warm tea and roasted tapioca which is the staple food of the villagers here.

Living in natural surroundings and going back to basics is the big attraction here. `Amazing and beautiful' are the words to describe the stars at night that appear so near and shine so brightly. In fact, there are too many to count in the glittering sky. Temperature drops from 32 degrees Celsius to 18 degrees Celsius or below and wearing a sweater and socks is a must as there is neither heater nor hot water. Sleep will not come easy for those who are sensitive to the cold. The next morning, visitors prepare their own breakfast and this is done traditionally by chopping wood, starting a fire, and using a pot to fry or boil. If one needs to shower then it is a dip in the cold, clear water of the river nearby. The toilet, however, is built several metres away from the house and visitors should see to their needs well before dark as there is no electricity. The only generator is used in the mosque.

Many children walk to school as early as six in the morning so that they reach Post Mansoon on time for classes. This is not an easy task when some of them do not even have proper shoes and clothes. The route to school is muddy and dangerous as wild animals still roam freely in the jungle. 'Amek' will accompany them and wait until school is over. The school operates with only two or three teachers because of the small number of children. After completing Year 3 at their school, children will then continue Year 4 at Sungai Ruil where they will now live in a hostel until they sit for their UPSR exam. This is hard for some because they have never lived away from their parents. It is the same, too, for parents who cannot spend weekends visiting their children as they cannot afford it. Education is important to villagers and they appreciate assistance in the form of books or stationery that will benefit their children.

The villagers are hard-working and farming is their main source of income and provides them with enough food to last a year even though there is not much of it. The weather is good for cucumber, corn, tapioca and paddy and the latter is largely cultivated on hill slopes. The villagers also rear sheep, goats and cows and they also look after acres and acres of durian and rambutan orchards surrounding the village. Durians, however, are sold to wholesalers at a ridiculously low price since villagers have no transportation to take the fruit to town themselves.

Visitors are most welcome to stay as long as they want. They can learn many things from the village folk ranging from farming to traditional healing to hunting in the jungle. Swimming in the river and enjoying the calm and peace of Nature are some of the most wonderful experiences one can ever have.

    What do the following words or phrases refer to in the passage ?
  1. they ( paragraph I )
  2. He ( paragraph II )
  3. their ( paragraph III )
  4. This ( paragraph IV )
    Using contextual clues, find a word with the same meaning as the following words from the passage.
  1. modest ( paragraph II )
  2. roam ( paragraph IV )
    Answer the questions below based on the passage.
  1. What is the topic sentence of paragraph III ?
  2. Describe the visitors' accommodation.
  3. What is the main idea of paragraph IV ?
  4. How important is education to the villagers ?
  5. How do the villagers earn a living ?
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1.   visitors
2.   Cikgu Jefry
3.   visitors
4.   many children walk to school as early as six in the morning
1.   fairly small or not large / moderate
2   wander
1.   Living in natural surroundings and going back to basics is the big attraction here.
2   It is a small wooden house that has no rooms, no kitchen or stove.
3.   How difficult it is for children to receive education.
4.   Education is important to the villagers because they make an effort to send their children to school that is far from home and then wait until school is over to bring back the children. After Year 3, parents allow their children to stay in the school hostel until the UPSR exam. In the meantime they visit their children regularly.
5.   They plant cucumber, corn, tapioca and paddy. They rear sheep, goats and cows. They also have orchards of rambutan and durian trees the fruits of which they sell to wholesalers.

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