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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
When we are confronted with things that we are not confident about, our first reaction is to avoid them. If we have stage fright, we find excuses not to appear on stage. Some are afraid to speak with strangers, so they shy away from social gatherings. There are those who refuse to go for a swim due to their fear of drowning. There are also those who are experts in convincing themselves that it is a futile attempt to do something they are afraid of. Basically, these emotional fears are like physical handicaps because they prevent us from living life to the fullest.

Some people are born or inflicted with real physical abnormalities, such as blindness, loss of limbs and physical disfigurements. There is Helen Keller, who at the age of about two, lost her sight and hearing. Through her courage and sheer determination, she learnt to speak, read and write. She went on to help others similarly afflicted, such as soldiers blinded in wars and blind people in poor countries. Her achievements were so great that she was given many awards, such as the Chevalier's Ribbon of the French Legion of Honour.

There was a television program called 'Extraordinary People' that featured people who rose above their circumstances to achieve success. I remember an episode that featured a young wheelchair-bound woman who showed no despair towards her handicap. She was very optimistic and trained to become a hairdresser despite her disability.

Apart from the fears mentioned earlier that are due to a lack of confidence, there are those that are irrational. Those afflicted find it difficult to harness them. These are called phobias. For example, there are people who are terrified of common things. A person is said to have aquaphobia when he is terrified of water. One of the most common phobias is claustrophobia-this is when a person cannot stand being in enclosed areas. Such people will not cope well at shopping centers on weekends. A person who has acrophobia will definitely avoid roller coasters and skyscrapers. Unlike normal fears and anxieties, one has to seek professional help from psychiatrists to overcome these peculiar phobias.

     
  1. What is the initial reaction of some people when they face situations they are afraid of ?
       
    (A) They try not to get involved.
    (B) They try to overcome their fears.
    (C) They try to do their best if they cannot avoid them.
    (D) They try to make themselves believe it is useless to even try to do them.
       
  2. Although Helen Keller was blind and deaf, she achieved so much because ______.
       
    (A) she had help from others
    (B) she tried to control her physical handicaps
    (C) she was inspired by her achievement awards
    (D) she did not let her physical handicaps stop her from persevering
       
  3. The 'people who rose above their circumstances' ( paragraph 3 ) refers to those who _______.
       
    (A) overcame their disabilities to achieve their goals
    (B) refused to accept their disabilities to achieve their goals
    (C) were able to control their disabilities to achieve their goals
    (D) allowed their disabilities to be in the way of achieving their goals
       
  4. The word 'them' in paragraph 4 refers to ______.
       
    (A) fears that seem rational
    (B) people who are rational
    (C) fears that seem ridiculous
    (D) people who suffer from phobias
       
  5. Those who suffer from acrophobia are afraid of ______.
       
    (A) heights
    (B) acrobats
    (C) buildings
    (D) amusement parks
       
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