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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
Who are X and Y generations? Generation Y is known as the Millennia Generation born after 1982 and Generation X which is commonly abbreviated as Gen X are those born in the 1960s through to the early 1980s. Are there any differences between these two generations? If there are, what are they? And what makes them different? These are some questions that educators ask because they have to deal with both generations of students. These educators tend to compare and contrast students and sometimes complain that Gen Y students are more challenging to teach than Gen X. They conclude that Gen X students are better because they are more obedient, have good manners and work hard. These Gen X students are also easier to mould compared to Gen Y students. What causes Gen Y students to behave differently? There are several factors.

One factor is the advancement of technology. Technology has changed people's lifestyles. Today, with the availability of online games on the Internet, many children rarely go out and play with friends but  spend most of their time playing online games at home. Since they do not socialise and interact with people face-to-face, they lack the soft skills like compromising and negotiating and this affects their communication and socialising skills. This is why they sometimes have difficulty in showing respect to others. At the same time, they have problems sharing their opinions with others. In giving opinions in a discussion, for example, they think they have channelled their ideas correctly. However, they do not realize that there are some cultural aspects involved in communication such as being polite and respecting the elderly. To them, as long as they get the message across, their job is done. At times, the choice of words and the non-verbal signals they use to convey their message are not appropriate. This affects communication, especially with the elderly.

The second factor is lack of parental guidance and good role models. All of us know that today's parents are busy earning a living to provide their children with a good education, a good home and a comfortable life. They do not want their children to be left behind in their studies, but be on par if not better than other children. As a result, children are left alone in the care of maids or are sent to the nursery. In the end, parents themselves complain of the difficulty they face in raising their children. The children themselves blame parents for not getting sufficient love and care. Some rebel to attract parents' attention and when they continue their studies at university, they tend to carry over this bad behaviour. They create problems and become troublemakers to attract lecturers' attention. Lecturers, therefore, should know how to tackle these students and help them become better persons.

Next, these children experience less hardships in life. Today, technological advancements have made life easier. Thus, when these children do not experience hardships in life, they feel they are not responsible for certain things and are able to get what they want easily. All they need to do is just ask. Through observation, Gen Y students appear to lack the willingness to help others, respect others and also appreciate time. When they lack these qualities, they become bold and arrogant, and have less respect for lecturers. There are students who always come late to class and do not even apologise for their tardiness. Some even ignore the advice given by their lecturers and talk back to them. They also tend to look down on others since they feel other people are not important. They do things to benefit themselves and ignore others' feelings. This is why it is important to let students experience some hardships so that they learn to appreciate things and have respect for others. These students cannot live in isolation but are dependent on others for survival and success. At university, for example, they depend on lecturers and friends for knowledge and problem-sharing.

In conclusion, there is a gap between Gen X and Gen Y students. In order to reduce the gap, parents need to play their roles. They also need to be helped by other parties like teachers and the community. Similarly, students themselves have to change for the better. They cannot blame others for who and what they are. Instead they should improve themselves and strive to excel both academically and socially.

     
    What do the following words or phrases refer to in the passage ?
  1. which ( paragraph I )
  2. they ( paragraph II )
  3. One factor ( paragraph II )
  4. their ( paragraph II )
  5. they ( paragraph IV )
  6. their ( paragraph V )
     
    Answer the questions below based on the passage.
  1. What makes Gen X students better than Gen Y students ?
  2. What has made Gen Y students behave differently ?
  3. In your opinion, why is there a need to let our children face some hardships in life ?
     
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    Answers
     
1.   Gen X
2.   the advancements of technology
3.   many children
4.   Gen Y students / children's
5.   Gen Y students
6.   Parents
     
1.   Gen X students are better because they are more obedient, have good manners and work hard.
2.   Gen Y students behave differently because of factors like advanced technology, lack of parental guidance and good role models, and lack of hardships in their lives.
3   Children need to experience some hardships in life so that they will become more responsible and caring of others.
     
 
 
 
 

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