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Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
 

The Tundra, a very cold flat land situated at the Artic region of North America, is covered with snow all year round. In the olden days, the Eskimos who lived there led a nomadic life. They moved from place to place in search of food for their families.

 

They lived in igloos which were dome-shaped houses built of snow and ice-blocks. The main food was the meat of animals which they killed or trapped around their land.

The Eskimos practiced and organized family system. It was the father's work to do hunting and fishing. he also had to make boats, tools, sledges and weapons out of animal skins, bones, ivory and stones. he was also responsible for providing the transportation system of the family.

The mother's duty was to skin and cut up the animals and prepare the meat. she also had to cook the meals and make all her family's clothes from the skin. Sometimes she helped to collect food by catching small fish or by gathering birds' eggs.

 

When the children reached the age of nine or ten, they would start learning the skills they needed. The girls would watch and learn from their mothers how to cook and sew. The boys would follow their fathers to learn all the skills about hunting and fishing.

 

The grandparents helped to take care of the children. They told them stories and taught them about the Eskimo way of life.

 

Today most of the Eskimos lead a modern way of life. They live in wooden houses in the village. Their houses have all the facilities of modern living. they buy their food, clothes and weapon from the store owned by the Europeans. Their children attend the village school. Nowadays the Eskimos move from place to place on snow-mobiles, their most common form of transport.

     
  1.

The Eskimos of the Tundra led a nomadic life because

       
    (A) the land is covered with snow all the year round.
    (B)

they moved from place to place to look for food for their families.

    (C) they lived in igloos which were built out of snow.
    (D) they killed or trapped animals around their land.
       
  2. Who shouldered the heaviest responsibility in an Eskimo family ?
       
    (A)

The father

    (B) The mother
    (C) The children
    (D) The grandparents
       
  3.

What was the Eskimo's main food ?

       
    (A) Skins
    (B) Bones
    (C)

Meat

    (D) Ivory
       
  4. The word practiced can best be replaced with
       
    (A) Started
    (B)

Followed

    (C) Obtained
    (D) Played
       
  5. What was the mother's duty at home ?
       
    (A) To go hunting and fishing.
    (B)

To cook and sew.

    (C) To tell stories.
    (D) To learn new skills.
       
  6. Where do the present Eskimos live ?
       
    (A) In igloos.
    (B) In stores.
    (C)

In wooden houses.

    (D) In brick houses
       
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  Answers : 1B   2A   3C   4B   5B   6C
 
 
 
 

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