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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
The Asian elephant is another type of elephant found in the world, besides the African elephant. They share some similarities. Elephants are social creatures and live in herds. Asian elephants are normally found in countries like India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Myanmar. An adult Asian elephant stands at two to three meters and weighs approximately 5000 kilograms. At birth, it stands at around one meter and weighs approximately 100 kilograms. Like most humans, they give birth to a single baby at a time but the foetus stays much longer in the mother's womb compared to the human baby; 23 months ! An Asian elephant has a life span of about 60 years.

The diet of an Asian elephant is somewhat similar to African elephants. They feed mainly on vegetation, bark, fruits and flowers.

Living in a herd means that the baby elephant has a large group of adults to look after it, besides its own mother. An orphan elephant is often adopted by another female elephant. As the largest land animal in the world, an elephant requires about 150 kilograms of food and 75-95 liters of water a day.

     
  1.

There are ______ types of elephants in the world.

       
    (A) one
    (B) two
    (C) three
    (D) many
       
  2. The Asian elephant can be found in ______.
       
    (A) Indonesia
    (B) America
    (C) Australia
    (D) Holland
       
  3.

How is the elephant similar to humans in terms of giving birth ?

       
    (A) The elephant gives birth to many young at a time.
    (B) The elephant gives birth to one young at a time.
    (C) The elephant's foetus stays the same amount of time in the mother's womb as the human baby.
    (D) The baby elephant is only looked after by its mother.
       
  4. What are the similarities between the African and Asian elephants ?
       
    (A) They come from the same countries
    (B) They live in herds
    (C) They have the same diet.
    (D) They live in herds and have the same diet.
       
  5. What happens to an orphan elephant ?
       
    (A) It is looked after by another female elephant
    (B) It is looked after by the whole herd
    (C) It is abandoned
    (D) It is killed
       
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  Answers : 1B   2A   3B   4D   5A
 
 
 
 

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