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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
What is courage? Perhaps after reading the story of Raoul Wallenberg, we will appreciate the depth of its meaning. Raoul Wallenberg was born in 1912, in Sweden. The Wallenberg family was eminent in the country. Through the generations, they had filled prominent roles as bankers, industrialists and politicians. Wallenberg was an intelligent student, doing well in school. He was also a humane and compassionate person, qualities that would show up during the Second World War.

Hitler was then the ruler of Germany and he hated the Jews. The 'Final Solution' was Hitler's answer to the Jews. He wanted to exterminate them. Throughout the war, Hitler and his German officers came up with different ways to exterminate them. The Jews were rounded up and sent to concentration camps, the most notorious of which was Auschwitz-Birkenau. In these camps, the Jews were forced to work as laborers with little food and water. Many were sent to gas chambers to die.

The world gradually became aware of this cruelty and some countries stepped in to help. For example, the Swedish king sent a personal appeal to Hungary's leader to stop allowing this treatment of Jews. Hungary was then under the control of Germany, like many other parts of Europe. This was where Raoul Wallenberg came in. He was authorised by his government to help save the Jews. He personally went to Hungary, where he came up with an ingenious plan. Using the seal of the Swedish crown, he had some official-looking papers printed. Although these papers were worthless, the German officers were ignorant of this fact. Wallenberg claimed that whoever had these papers were to be considered Swedish citizens, so the German army officers could not harm them. He gave these papers out to the Jews, oftentimes at great personal risk, jumping on trains filled with Jews who were about to be sent to their deaths, in plain sight of the German soldiers. Amazed at his courage, they refrained from hurting him.

Through his effort, it is estimated that Wallenberg saved at least one hundred thousand Jews.

     
  1. According to paragraph 1, which of the following statements is not true ?
       
    (A) Raoul Wallenberg excelled in his studies.
    (B) The Wallenberg family was renowned in Sweden.
    (C) Raoul performed acts of courage when he was a student.
    (D) Raoul performed compassionate acts during the Second World War.
       
  2. The 'Final Solution' was a plan designed to ______.
       
    (A) torture the Jews
    (B) get rid of the Jews
    (C) send the Jews out of the country
    (D) make sure the Jews worked hard
       
  3. Which of the following best explains why the German soldiers did not harm those Jews with the papers that Wallenberg had given them ?
       
    (A) The soldiers had pity on them.
    (B) The soldiers admired Wallenberg for his bravery.
    (C) Those with the papers were actually Swedish citizens.
    (D) The soldiers believed the authenticity of the papers given.
       
  4. The phrase 'at great personal risk' ( paragraph 3 ) suggests that Wallenberg was risking ______.
       
    (A) his own life
    (B) the lives of those on board the train
    (C) losing his job as a Swedish diplomat
    (D) his reputation as a Swedish diplomat
       
  5. Which of the following best explains why the soldiers 'refrained from hurting' ( paragraph 3 ) Wallenberg ?
       
    (A) They felt guilty about their actions.
    (B) They were afraid to hurt Wallenberg.
    (C) They were forced not to hurt Wallenberg.
    (D) They were astounded by Wallenberg's bravery.
       
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