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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
Being such a small island, can you imagine what would happen if a gigantic tsunami hits Singapore? Fortunately, Singapore is nestled comfortably between the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia, Sumatra and Java. Chances of tsunami waves hitting Singapore are slim since the Peninsula and bigger islands will probably buffer the impact of the waves from the open sea before they reach Singapore.

Unlike countries that lie along major fault lines, Singapore is a safe distance from volcanic and earthquake-prone zones in the world. Countries like Japan and cities like California in America sit on edges of moving tectonic plates. Tectonic plates are large slabs of the earth's crust that have broken up and are either drifting apart from one another or moving closer together. The movements of these tectonic plates cause a great deal of pressure and instability, and hence, some of the energy and forces that they generate are released by means of a volcanic eruption or an earthquake. Ancient man once described them as a display of God's wrath at man.

Fortunately for us, modern science and technology are more advanced than in the past, and we are better able to predict the occurrence of an earthquake or a volcanic eruption. Of course, the experts cannot be completely accurate in their forecasts but at least, they enable people living in such areas to be prepared.

These natural disasters bring about massive damages to property and lives. A whole town can be flattened by an earthquake or swallowed up by swift-flowing lava from an erupting volcano. Besides these, an earthquake can cause a major fire outbreak, which can spread like a wild bush fire when electric lines are exposed or when cooking stoves topple as buildings collapse. It can also bring about seismic waves as the force of an earthquake reverberates through the ocean or sea. In the case of North-eastern Japan, on 11 March 2011, a giant tsunami slammed coastal areas leaving a trail of destruction right after an 8.9-magnitude quake. This episode revived the frightening memories of the giant tsunami that struck Asia in 2004.

     
  1. According to paragraph 1, a tsunami will probably not hit Singapore because ______.
       
    (A) Singapore is only a small island
    (B) Singapore can buffer the impact of the waves
    (C) Singapore is located in the middle of the Malay Peninsula
    (D) Singapore is located between the Malay Peninsula and the two large islands of Indonesia
       
  2. Countries that are at risk of an earthquake are those ______.
       
    (A) close to Japan and America
    (B) that are on the earth's crust
    (C) that lie along the major fault lines
    (D) that are moving away from the tectonic plates
       
  3. A volcanic eruption is caused by ______.
       
    (A) God's anger at man
    (B) pressure from the earth's crust
    (C) the explosion of the earth's crust
    (D) the energy released when tectonic plates drift apart or move closer together
       
  4. Based on the passage, what is the best course of action once a volcanic eruption is predicted in an area ?
       
    (A) People should avoid going to the beach.
    (B) People should stay indoors and not leave home.
    (C) People should leave the area as soon as possible.
    (D) People should immediately search for a strong building that is quake-proof to stay in.
       
  5. According to paragraph 4, which of the following cannot be triggered by an earthquake ?
       
    (A) Tsunamis
    (B) Bush fires
    (C) Seismic waves
    (D) Volcanic eruptions
       
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