title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Reading  Comprehension

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 
Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
While we are still arguing over the impact of television on children, a new world of online media has emerged that may have an even greater impact. Many children in Malaysia are now using the World Wide Web and the number is expected to grow rapidly in coming years.

These children are now connected to a vast digital universe that transcends the family, the local community, and even the nation. Education will expand beyond the classroom and other traditional settings, as more interactive 'edutainment' becomes available.

What are the advantages of the World Wide Web? If harnessed properly, the new media could enhance children's learning, giving them access to a rich diversity of information and ideas, which reach across national borders. Many online services are now exposing children to places, people and ideas beyond their everyday experiences.

However, there are a few disadvantages. Those without access to the communications system are likely to fall behind in education and be unable to compete in a highly selective job market. Yet, just as access is becoming important, the number of children living in poverty, with little or no access to technology, is growing at an alarming rate. There are many families struggling to put food on the table in the rural areas and the government will have to ensure that they get access to the communications system in schools.

Even if more children are able to use the new media through schools and libraries, they will still be at a disadvantage compared to children with access at home. An hour or two of computer laboratory time in school is not enough to acquire the technological competence that colleges and many jobs will require. Some argue that the costs of the equipment will go down dramatically in the next few years, making computer communications as affordable as televisions and VCRs. But monthly communications services is still unaffordable. While television is likely to remain free, most other services will require payment. For poor families, either the upfront cost of equipment or service charges may be insurmountable barriers.

Access is not the only challenge. Video game channels, virtual shopping malls and manipulative fours of advertising targeted at children could further compound the problems in the existing media that have troubled parents, educators and child advocates for decades. Unlike TV, online media is dynamic and two-way. Nothing prevents marketers from collecting personal information from children and selling it to third parties.

Thus, we need to develop guidelines for advertising to children in cyberspace. Marketers should not be allowed to collect personal information from children. We also need to have non-commercial educational and informational services for children.

In conclusion, although the online media is a powerful tool, we should ensure that this media serves the needs of children.

     
  1. From paragraph 1, what is the media that has an even greater impact on children than television ?
     
  2. From paragraph 2, how will education expand beyond the traditional settings ?
     
  3. From paragraph 3, name two advantages of the World Wide Web to children.
     
  4. From paragraph 4,
    (a) what is growing at an alarming rate ?
    (b) what could be done by the government for the poor ?
     
  5. From paragraph 5,
    (a) what is one piece of good news for the poor ?
    (b) why could the poor still be at a disadvantage even if the costs of the equipment decline ?
    (c) mention two 'insurmountable barriers' of the poor.
     
Sponsored Links
 
     
    Answers
     
  1. The online media.
     
  2. Through interactive 'edutainment'.
     
  3. * Dazzling graphics and interactive technology could enhance their drive to learn.  * It provides them with a lot of information.
     
  4. (a) The number of children living in poverty with little or no access to technology
    (b) The government could ensure that they get access tot he online media in schools.
     
  5. (a) The costs of equipment such as personal computers and modems will drop in the next few yeas.
    (b) They still cannot afford the monthly communication services.
    (c) * Upfront cost of equipment  * Service charges
     
 
 
 
 

001    002    003    004    005    006    007    008    009    010    011    012    013    014    015    016    017    018    019    020    021    022    023    024    025    026    027    028    029    030    031    032    033    034    035    036    037    038    039    040    041    042    043    044    045    046    047    048    049    050    051    052    053    054    055    056    057    058    059    060    061    062    063    064    065    066    067    068    069    070    071    072    073    074    075    076    077    078    079    080    081    082    083    084    085    086    087    088    089    090    091    092    093    094    095    096    097    098    099    100    101    102    103    104    105    106    107    108    109    110    111    112    113    114    115    116    117    118    119    120    121    122    123    124    125    126    127    128    129    130    131    132    133    134    135    136    137    138    139    140    141    142    143    144    145    146    147    148    149    150    151    152    153    154    155    156    157    158    159    160    161    162    163    164    165    166    167    168    169    170    171    172    173    174    175    176    177    178    179    180    181    182    183    184    185    186    187    188    189    190    191    192    193    194    195    196    197    198    199    200    201    202    203    204

 

Sponsored Links

 

 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High School English essays
Lower Secondary English essays