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Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
 
People of long ago used to live in groups in caves or in jungles. They wandered from place to place hunting animals and looking for food like nuts, roots, wild fruits and berries.

Then later people began to settle along or near rivers. They lived near the rivers because they were sources of water, food, trade and transport. They used the river water for drinking, cooking and washing. Their animals also drank from these rivers.

The rivers were full of fish. Birds also lived and laid their eggs near rivers. Birds got their food from rivers too. As a result, these areas provided a good source of food for the people. the people caught the fish, collected the birds' eggs and trapped the birds as food.

Rivers also made good farmland for these early river settlers. during the yearly flood, rivers carried along with them river mud which was very fertile. this fertile soil was left behind after each flood. Thus river banks or valleys were suitable places for farming. The people started to cultivate their own crops. This means they could settle down in one place and they didn't have to wander in search of food any more.

Besides the fertile soil, rivers were also used as a form of highway. Men began to use rafts and boats as a form of water transport to carry their extra food. they sailed to another part of the river to trade with the other settlers. So they became farmers as well as trades. When they began to travel up and down the rivers, they learned about the customs and beliefs of the other settlers.

As trade and transportation grew, the population also grew. These river settlements grew into cities, and these cities became centers of great civilizations like those found in early Egypt, India and China. These civilizations had powerful governments with many laws and government workers. Then these cities grew into some of the important and powerful countries in the world.

     
  1.

Why did people of long ago settle along rivers ?

       
    (A) Because there were sources of water for drinking, cooking and washing.
    (B) Because there were sources of food like fish, birds' eggs and birds.
    (C)

Because there were sources of food, water, trade and transport.

    (D) because there were sources of food like nuts, roots, fruits and berries.
       
  2. Why were river banks suitable for farming for the early settlers ?
       
    (A) Because yearly floods occurred there.
    (B)

Because the soil was fertile.

    (C) Because the rivers carried along with them river mud.
    (D) Because the early settlers could settle down there and cultivate their own crops.
       
  3.

The word cultivate can best be replaced with

       
    (A) obtain.
    (B) look for
    (C) buy
    (D)

grow

       
  4. How could rivers be used as a form of highway ?
       
    (A)

Boats could sail up and down the rivers when the settlers traded with the others along the river.

    (B) Rivers helped the settlers to become traders.
    (C) Rivers helped the settlers to carry their extra food.
    (D) Rivers helped the settlers to learn about the customs and beliefs of the settlers.
       
  5. All the statements are true EXCEPT
       
    (A) As trade and transportation grew, the population of river settlements also grew.
    (B) As the river settlements grew, they became cities and centers of civilization.
    (C) Egypt, India and China were at one time centers of great civilization.
    (D)

Egypt, India and China were the only important and powerful countries in the world to have rivers.

       
  6. The BEST title for this passage would be
       
    (A) River water.
    (B) River cities.
    (C)

Rivers and the beginning of civilization.

    (D) Rivers and the customs and beliefs of the settlers.
       
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  Answers : 1C   2B   3D   4A   5D   6C
 
 
 
 

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