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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
People are increasingly turning to alternative medicine instead of relying on conventional medicine. A visit to a pharmacy will reveal shelf after shelf of alternative medicine. Alternative medicine has been described as a broad domain of healing resources that covers all health systems, modalities, practices and their accompanying theories and beliefs.

A popular form of alternative medicine is Ayurvedic medicine which has been practised in India for the past five thousand years. Ayurvedic medicine uses diet, exercise, yoga, meditation, massage, herbs and medication. Another popular and trusted form of alternative medicine is traditional Chinese medicine. This has been practised for over 3000 years. Chinese medicine combines the use of medicinal herbs, acupuncture and the use of therapeutic exercises such as Qi Gong. It has proven to be effective in the treatment of many chronic diseases including cancer, allergies and heart diseases. As does Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine also focuses on the individual. It looks for and corrects the underlying causes of imbalance and patterns of disharmony.

Another form of alternative medicine is homeopathy which was developed in the early 1800s by a German physician, Samuel Hahnemann. It is an excellent first aid system and is also superb in the treatment of minor ailments such as earaches, the common cold and flu. Homeopathy is again based on the treatment of the individual and when used by a knowledgeable practitioner, can also be very effective in curing conditions such as hay fever, digestive problems, rheumatoid arthritis and respiratory infections.

Apart from that, chiropractic is another form of alternative medicine. It primarily involves the adjustment of spine and joints to alleviate pain and improve general health. It is now the most common form of alternative medicine in the United States. Chiropractors not only manipulate spine and joints, but also advise their patients on lifestyle and diet matters. They believe that humans possess an innate healing potential and that all diseases can be overcome by properly activating this potential.

Alternative medicine is a multi-billion dollar industry. It is also growing rapidly especially among the well-educated and affluent. Why is it so popular in this modem age? Many people suffer from chronic illnesses such as arthritis, indigestion, back pain and migraine. Conventional western medicine often cannot provide satisfactory solutions, so people with chronic conditions increasingly turn to alternative therapies to improve their quality of life. Furthermore, this form of treatment is safe and it works! It is more effective in prevention, in chronic diseases, and in addressing the mental, emotional and spiritual needs of an individual. These are precisely the areas where alternative medicine excels.

Alternative medicine places emphasis on prevention or the treatment of the cause of a disorder rather than treating the symptoms. It uses time-tested, natural remedies instead of quick fixes and powerful drugs with awful side effects. It believes in the body's own innate powers to do the healing. Practitioners of alternative medicine treat each patient as an individual and do what, in the physician's opinion, is best for a particular patient rather than what is specified in a 'rule book' as in conventional medicine. It requires the patient to take a proactive part in both prevention and treatment.

Although some physicians still drag their heels over alternative medicine, or even ridicule it, alternative medicine is indeed receiving the attention it deserves. Many physicians now embrace the use of natural therapies and products to complement conventional medicine. This fact, perhaps more than anything else, is what is driving the rapid and massive switch from conventional to alternative medicine.

     
  1. In paragraph 1, which sentence suggests that more and more people are using alternative medicine ?
     
  2. From paragraph 2,
    (a) name one component of traditional Chinese medicine.
    (b) what do Ayurvedic medicine and traditional Chinese medicine have in common ?
     
  3. From paragraph 4,
    (a) how does chiropractic improve people's health ?
    (b) who does 'They' in the last sentence of the paragraph refer to ?
     
  4. From paragraph 5,
    (a) why are more and more people turning to alternative medicine ?
    (b) give two advantages of alternative medicine over conventional medicine.
     
  5. From paragraph 6,
    (a) what is the main emphasis of alternative medicine ?
    (b) what do patients using alternative medicine need to do in order to heal ?
     
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    Answers
     
  1. "A visit to a pharmacy will reveal shelf after shelf of alternative medicine." / "People are increasingly turning to alternative medicine instead of relying on conventional medicine."
     
  2. (a) Medicinal herbs /acupuncture/ therapeutic exercise (Any two answers)
    (b) They both focus on correcting the disharmony of the individual.
     
  3. (a) It improves the health of people through the adjustment of the spine and joints.
    (b) The chiropractors
     
  4. (a) This is because conventional medicine cannot provide satisfactory solutions for chronic conditions.
    (b) It is safe. / It works. / It addresses the emotional and spiritual needs as well.
     
  5. (a) The main emphasis is on prevention or treatment of the cause of a disorder.
    (b) They need to take an active part in prevention and treatment.
     
 
 
 
 

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