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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
For decades, a lot of emphasis has been put on certain aspects of intelligence such as logical reasoning, math skills, spatial skills, understanding analogies and verbal skills. Yet, researchers were puzzled by the fact that while Intelligence Quotient (IQ) could predict academic and professional success to a significant degree, there was something missing in the equation. Some of those with fabulous IQ scores were doing poorly in life. They could not explain why some people just have the gift for living well; why the smartest kid in the class may probably not end up being the most successful; why some people are able to remain calm in the midst of calamity while some others buckle under the pressure.

One of the major missing parts in the success equation is emotional intelligence. This is a concept made popular by Daniel Goleman, based on years of research by numerous scientists such as Peter Salovey, John Meyer, Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg and Jack Block. The phrase "emotional intelligence" was coined to describe qualities like understanding one's own feelings, empathy for the feelings of others and "the regulation of emotion in a way that improves one's life". They redefine what it means to be smart. They have concluded that people who manage their own feelings well and deal effectively with others are more likely to live contented lives. Besides, happy people are more apt to retain information and do so more effectively than dissatisfied people.

The study on emotional intelligence has great implications for our schools. Research has shown that emotional health is fundamental to effective learning. Basically, a student who learns to learn is much more likely to succeed. Instead of intervention projects, declarations of war on drug abuse, vandalism, violence and teen pregnancy, we should design an emotional literacy program to help children learn to manage anger, frustration and loneliness. Students who are depressed or angry literally cannot learn. Children who have trouble being accepted by their classmates are two to eight times as likely to drop out.

On a personal level, emotional intelligence involves motivation and being able to focus on a goal rather than demanding instant gratification. A person with a high emotional intelligence is better at handling relationships of every kind. This is because they are capable of understanding the feelings of others. Highly intelligent people may lack the social skills that are associated with high emotional intelligence. Just because someone is deemed "intellectually" intelligent, it does not necessarily follow that they are emotionally intelligent. Having a good memory or good problem solving abilities does not mean you are
capable of dealing with emotions or motivating yourself. Thus, children need to be taught about emotional intelligence.

Emotional intelligence programs have also been used in leadership training in the corporate world. The idea that one should succeed in both life and work became highly credible and organizations have recognized the reason why their best leaders and managers need to develop their emotional intelligence.

In conclusion, we now know that there is much more than the traditional qualities of intelligence that lead to success. Scientists have proven that emotional intelligence is just as important. Schools should be encouraged to teach students the skills necessary for emotional intelligence. And in corporations, the inclusion of emotional intelligence in training programs has helped employees co-operate better and be more motivated, thereby increasing productivity and profits.

     
  1. From paragraph 1, what puzzled the researchers about intelligence quotient and success ?
     
  2. From paragraph 2,
    (a) what is emotional intelligent ?
    (b) name one quality of a person with high emotional intelligence.
     
  3. From paragraph 3,
    (a) name one implication of emotional intelligence for schools.
    (b) what should schools do to help students develop their emotional intelligence ?
    (c) find another word which means 'essential'.
     
  4. From paragraph 4, how can a person with high emotional intelligence build better relationships ?
     
  5. In your opinion, do you think that students should be taught about emotional intelligence ? Give a reason to support your answer.
     
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    Answers
  1. People with impressive IQ scores were doing poorly in life.
     
  2. (a) Emotional intelligence is the ability to understand one's own feelings, empathize with the feelings of others and regulate one's emotion in a way that improves one's life.
    (b) Able to manage one's feelings very well./ Able to empathize with the feelings of others.
     
  3. (a) Emotional intelligence aids effective learning.
    (b) Schools should design an emotional literacy program to help children learn to manage their feelings.
    (c) Fundamental
     
  4. They are capable of understanding other people's feelings and have better social skills and therefore are able to handle relationships better.
     
  5. Yes, because students will be able to achieve better results when they are able to manage their feelings of anger, frustration and loneliness.
     
 
 
 
 

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