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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 

Whales are the largest animals in the world, even larger than some species of dinosaurs. Ironically, whales are among the gentlest creatures we know. There are people who go through great lengths to help them.

One such case occurred in 1988, when three young whales were trapped in the sea. It was close to winter and the sea had begun to freeze over. Whales are mammals that require oxygen from the air, so the frozen ice was a great danger as it prevented them from getting any air. All they had was a tiny hole in the ice for them to breathe through. Volunteers from all over soon turned up to help these creatures. They cut holes in the ice so as to provide more breathing holes for the whales. These holes would also serve as guides for the whales so that they could swim to warmer waters. This effort was a success although one whale drowned.

Although the whale is very huge, it is not hindered at all by its size when it is in water. Whales have tails that end like flippers. With just a gentle flick, it can propel itself forward. The skin of a whale is so smooth that it does not create any friction that can slow the whale down. A whale's breathing hole is located on the top of its head, so it can breathe without having to completely push its head out of the water. It is also thus able to gulp its food down without breathing in any water. Whales are protected from the cold seawater by body fat that is called blubber. This is so effective that a whale can even get overheated in the cold temperatures of the sea.

Whales live in the ocean but in terms of behavior, they are more similar to humans than fish. They live in family groups and they even travel in groups when they have to migrate from cooler to warmer waters. The young stay with their parents for as long as fifteen years. Whales are known not to desert the ill or injured members; instead, they cradle them. Moreover, female whales have very strong maternal instincts.

     
  1. By using the word 'ironically' in the second sentence, the writer suggests ______.
       
    (A) it is not true that whales are very gentle
    (B) whales may not be as gentle as they look
    (C) whales are definitely the gentlest creatures in the world
    (D) it is difficult to believe whales are gentle despite their humungous size
       
  2. Winter poses such a danger to whales because ______.
       
    (A) they cannot swim in icy cold water
    (B) whales can drown without sufficient air
    (C) they cannot eat when the weather is too cold
    (D) the water is too cold for them as they are warm-blooded
       
  3. Whales can move easily in water because of their ______.
       
    (A) tail
    (B) flippers
    (C) tail and skin
    (D) tail, skin and breathing hole
       
  4. The human qualities of whales are not highlighted by the fact that ______.
       
    (A) they migrate from cooler to warmer waters
    (B) they do not desert the ill or injured members
    (C) they live in family groups and travel in groups
    (D) they young stay with their parents for almost fifteen years
       
  5. The phrase 'maternal instincts' (last paragraph) suggests that female whales ______.
       
    (A) are very caring towards their young
    (B) are close to her family and other whales in the group
    (C) strongly believe in living and traveling with her own family
    (D) tend to leave their young to fend for themselves once they are ready
       
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  Answers : 1D   2B   3D   4A   5A
 
 
 
 

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