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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
The gorilla, one of Nature's most intelligent animals, is a fascinating creature as it shares most characteristics with humans. Gorillas are classified as primates and are the largest of their kind in the world. Some of them can even weigh up to 600 pounds. The only two types of gorilla that still exist are the Eastern Gorilla and the Western Gorilla. The Eastern Gorilla can be found in the eastern parts of equatorial Africa while the Western Gorilla occupies a small range in western equatorial Africa.

Gorillas live in small groups known as troops. Typically, each troop is led by the most aggressive male called the silverback. He plays a very important role as he makes all decisions such as when his troop should wake up, eat, move, and rest. He is also the one who resolves conflicts among members of the troop and protects them from predators. The rest of the members comprise several younger males called blackback, several females and their offspring.

Affection and interaction are very obvious in a troop of gorillas. Adult gorillas, especially females, are really patient and loving while nurturing their young ones. They are very protective towards their young and are even willing to step into a fight when they feel that their offspring are in real danger. A very strong bond among female gorillas is also forged and this is very important in helping them getting through some tough situations, especially the death of young ones. This can be a very emotional moment as mothers tend to be very attached to their offspring.

Young gorillas imitate older ones in learning to do many things. They engage in rough play with one another for most of the time and this makes them stronger. Rough play also teaches them essential skills that will protect them and enable them to survive on their own when the time comes for them to leave their troop. These skills are really important, especially for young male gorillas as they usually leave their original troop to set up their own small groups when they reach maturity at the age of eleven.

Another interesting and important activity of gorillas is grooming. They spend hours on end to ensure it is done properly. During this session, each member of the troop will take turns to remove small insects from the body of another and will eat whatever they find. Grooming is the time in which they will establish social bonds with all members of the troop. This behaviour is also imitated by youngsters as they groom each other after engaging in rough play.

The most devastating moment for the entire troop is when their leader dies or gets killed. They will stay with him for many days to show their loyalty and mourn their loss before they finally go their separate ways to find a new troop to be part of or form a new one.

     
    What do the following words or phrases refer to in the passage ?
  1. his ( paragraph II )
  2. emotional moment ( paragraph III )
  3. These ( paragraph IV )
  4. This behaviour ( paragraph V )
  5. him ( paragraph VI )
     
    Answer the questions below based on the passage.
  1. Name the two species of gorilla that still exist in the world.
  2. How do young gorillas learn the skills needed to protect themselves ?
  3. What will gorillas do while they groom each other ?
  4. At what age will males leave the troop and set out on their own ?
  5. What conclusion can you draw about the life of gorillas ?
     
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    Answers
     
1.   silverback's
2.   the death of young ones
3.   necessary skills
4.   grooming
5.   the leader
     
1.   The Eastern gorilla and the Western Gorilla
2.   By copying the older ones and engaging in rough play with each other
3   The gorillas will remove small insects from the body of others and they will eat what they find
4.   At 11 years of age
5.   Gorillas are very attached to each other and they will always protect each member of the troop.
     
 
 
 
 

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