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Read the passage carefully. Then choose the correct answer.
 
The changing climate of the Earth has become a constant worry to scientists and many individuals around the world. Numerous studies have been carried out and are still being carried out to assess the changes that have taken place in our environment and forecast what we could be facing in the future. Unpredictable incidences of natural disasters provide us with the warning signs that the worst is yet to come. Some devastating effects resulting from climate change are expected to take place around the world, including our country, Malaysia.

Places that have never been affected by serious flooding are now becoming flood-prone areas. In Malaysia for instance, with the arrival of the north-east monsoon, states in the north-east of the peninsular such as Kelantan and Terengganu are most badly affected by heavy rainfall. However, this is no longer the case now. Other states such as Perlis and Kedah, on the west coast, have also been listed as flood prone areas. There is a general expectation that with an increase in our annual rainfall, the situation would worsen as more areas in Malaysia would become subject to floods. Flash floods will occur more frequently and this in turn would bring about an increased destruction of property, infrastructure and livelihood.

Despite the projected heavier rainfall, our country is also at risk of reduced rainfall and prolonged droughts due to an expected increase in temperature and changes in precipitation. The rise of about 1 to 1.5 C is expected for all regions in the peninsular. The higher demand for water supply by many sectors will also contribute to water shortage. This rise in temperature will have a negative impact on the agricultural sector. Crop yields will drop and other agricultural activities, such as rubber and oil palm growing, and rice cultivation, will also be negatively affected. These changes can jeopardise our nation's food security and earnings.

Climate change would also affect our coastal areas. As sea levels rise at the rate of 0.9 cm per year, coastal areas are expected to submerge, causing the loss of mangrove trees. This rise will impede drainage and cause more frequent flooding of coastal areas. Another effect of climate change is shoreline erosion. Increased wave action will contribute to this damage too. Other impacts of climate change will include the submergence of corals, coral bleaching and loss of fisheries resources.

More detrimental effects will become apparent over the next two or three decades and these are going to affect both humans and animals alike. Many countries around the world are taking measures to reduce pollution by changing the way they do things. Still, there are some that are too arrogant and selfish and refuse to do so. Even so, as individuals, we can do our part to protect our Earth for future generations.

     
    What do the following words or phrases refer to in the passage ?
  1. These changes
  2. This rise
  3. Other impacts
     
    Answer the questions below based on the passage.
  1. List three main effects of climate change.
  2. According to the passage, ______ is the major element that will be affected by climate change.
  3. Sea level is expected to rise by ______ per year.
  4. The temperature is expected to rise by ______.
  5. Are all the countries in the world committed to protecting the earth ? Yes or No ? give reasons to support your answer.
     
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    Answers
     
1.   Reduced crop yields and decreased agricultural activities
2.   The sea level is expected to rise at a rate of 0.9 cm per year
3.   Submergence of corals, coral bleaching and loss of fisheries resources
     
1.   a) more flash floods/ more flood prone areas   b) less rain   c) prolonged droughts (causing crop yield to drop)   d) submergence of coastal areas because of the rise in sea level ( Accept any three answers )
2.   water
3.   0.9 cm
4.   1.5 C
5.   No. Some are too arrogant and selfish that they refuse to do so.
   

 

 
 
 
 

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