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Read the passage below and answer the question that follows.

 
Every step forward carried this man into exciting and dangerous adventures. Fearlessly greeting tribesmen who never before had seen a white man, he would trade cloth, beads and tools for their friendship, then set about helping them with his medicines. Accepted as a friend, he would work among that tribe for weeks, then go on to a new tribe.

However, not all the tribes were friendly. Even friendly tribes presented problems. One chief triumphantly announced that he was about to convert his whole tribe by flogging each member with rhinoceros-hide whips. Many insisted upon believing that he had supernatural powers. Working among the Bakwain tribe in south-central Africa during a dry season, Livingstone was given an ultimatum to make rain. He saw that the waters of a lake could be diverted and he said he would make "rain" if the natives would help. With wooden scoops he led the natives in digging ditches from the lake and thus set up the first irrigation system in the interior of Africa.

At Mabotsa an enraged lion attacked and mauled him, breaking his left arm. A young native engaged the lion and drew the beast away until it could be killed. Livingstone was never again able to lift his arm above his shoulder without pain. The young doctor's endurance and scorn of danger became legendary. He came upon the Bakaa tribe just after their warriors had murdered a trader and all his porters. Livingstone ate with the chief and gave him gifts, then calmly lay down in his but and fell asleep.

Livingstone's work as a doctor was important. He showed daily the value of quinine in treating malaria. During the first five years of his work, he himself had 31 attacks of fever. Without quinine he could not have lived. With it he revived whole families. As an explorer, Livingstone ranks with the greatest. He explored one-third of the huge continent of Africa from the Cape almost to the Equator and from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean. He opened up a vaster unknown area of the earth's surface than any other one man.

He was the first European to find the great Lake Ngami. He came upon some magnificent falls, more than twice as high as Niagara. "Victoria falls," Livingstone named them. in honour of his queen. After his friends the Moffats returned to Africa, Livingstone married their daughter Mary. Born in Africa. Mary was used to the hardships and dangers of the jungle and desert.

The Livingstones built their only real home at Kolobeng. Here four children were born. When repeated sickness threatened the lives of Mary and the children, Livingstone sent them back to England. Returning to Kolobeng he found that the Boers had raided his station, stolen his furniture, burnt many books, closed the school and terrified his convert-helpers. Here was warning that the South African Government wanted no more of his tight against the slave traffic. Livingstone answered fearlessly. He attacked slavery at every chance and wrote glowing letters asking the British Government to help stop the trade.

 

Based on the passage given, write a summary to describe Dr Livingstone's adventure in Africa. Include

* how he dealt with the natives

* what he did as a doctor and explorer

* the danger he encountered and his discoveries

 

Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must be in continuous form and not longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below.

 

Begin your summary as follows :

"Fearlessly greeting tribesmen, Dr Livingstone traded cloth, beads and tools ..."

 
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Answer
 

Fearlessly greeting tribesmen, Dr Livingstone traded cloth, beads and tools for their friendship. He treated the sick. Accepted as a friend, he would work among that tribe for weeks, then goon to a new tribe. Once he was challenged to make rain. He enlisted the help of the tribesmen to dig ditches to lead water from the lake to their farm. An attack by a lion broke his arm badly. His endurance and scorn of danger became legendary. He even ate and slept with the fierce Bakaa tribe that had murdered a trader earlier. As a doctor, he used quinine to treat malaria, thus saving many lives. He explored one-third of the huge continent of Africa, discovering Lake Ngami and Victoria Falls. ( 125 words )

     
 
 

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