title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Summary

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 
Brittle bone disease
 

It is estimated that 400,000 women suffer from osteoporosis. This number is expected to rise to more than three million by the year 2050. In fact, a recent World Health Report estimates that one in every three women would eventually develop this brittle-bone disease.

Of the millions of women in the work force, women who have sedentary jobs and sedentary life-styles are more at risk. Women who have inactive jobs should include exercise to maintain their bones.

One of the biggest causes of osteoporosis is a lack of calcium in one's diet. Experts recommend an intake of 1200 to 1500 milligrams of calcium a day. Studies show that the mean daily consumption of most Malaysians is about 450 milligrams. Getting sufficient calcium in one's diet not only helps to build healthy bones but also helps to reduce the rate of loss to bone mass. The best sources of calcium are dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese and sardines. A calcium-rich diet and calcium supplements can provide the body with the amount of calcium it needs.

Women who have had their ovaries removed lack estrogen, a hormone produced by the ovaries that slows the wasting away of bones. Estrogen replacement therapy is prescribed in such cases. Estrogen has been found to reduce the risk of bone fracture.

Studies show that genetic inheritance can also make one susceptible to osteoporosis. Women with small or thin frames are more likely to develop the disease compared with women who have large body frames and large bone structure. Certain prescription medication tend to increase the risk of contracting the disease. Certain drugs especially cortisone-type drugs can affect the body's bone-producing capacity leading the bones to become fragile and brittle. Patients who depend on such drugs should seek expert medical advice. The medical expert may then prescribe calcium supplements together with other drugs. Smoking and alcohol enhance the risk of contracting the disease.

The disease is most common in Asian and Caucasian women who are petite, small-boned or thin. The sad fact is that many Asians still do not know much about the disease. In fact, there are many who have not heard about the disease at all. Although prevention is better than cure, early diagnosis and effective treatment can save the patient from pain. There are various steps that should be taken. Foremost among these is getting sufficient calcium in one's diet. Inclusion of a diet that is rich in vitamin D is recommended as vitamin D helps the body to absorb calcium. Exercises which make use of gravity such as brisk walking, aerobics and dancing as well as weight-bearing exercises in which one bears the weight on the bones will help to ward off the disease. Steps should also be taken to increase awareness of the disease among the public. This will help them understand the lifelong need to care for their bones.
______________________________________________

Begin your summary as follows: Osteoporosis, a disease mainly affecting older women, is caused by ...

 
Sponsored Links
 
Answer
 
Osteoporosis, a disease mainly affecting older women, is caused by several factors. One of them is the lack of calcium in one's diet. A calcium-rich diet such as one that consists of dairy products can provide the body with the calcium i requires. Women who live sedentary lives should exercise more in order to maintain their bones. Women who have their ovaries removed suffer from a lack of estrogen, a hormone that slows down the wasting of bones. Estrogen replacement therapy increases the hormone in their bodies and reduces the risk of bon fracture. Other risk factors include a genetic predisposition to the disease, having small or thin body frames, smoking and alcohol. Certain drugs increase the chances of developing osteoporosis. Women depending on such drugs should take calcium supplements after consulting a doctor. besides calcium, the intake of vitamin D should also be increased as it helps the body to absorb calcium. ( 154 words )
     
 
 

001    002    003    004    005    006    007    008    009    010    011    012    013    014    015    016    017    018    019    020    021    022    023    024    025    026    027    028    029    020    031    032    033    034    035    036    037    038    039    040    041    042    043    044    045    046    047    048    049    050    051    052    053    054    055    056    057    058    059    060    061    062    063    064    065    066    067    068    069    070    071    072    073    074    075    076    077    078    079    080    081    082    083    084    085    086    087    088    089    090    091    092    093    094    095    096    097    098    099    100    101    102    103    104    105    106    107    108    109    110    111    112    113    114    115    116    117    118    119    120    121    122    123    124    125    126    127    128    129    130    131    132    133    134    135    136    137    138    139    140    141    142    143    144    145    146    147    148    149    150    151    152    153    154    155    156    157    158    159    160    161    162    163    164    165    166    167    168    169    170    171    172    173    174    175    176    177    178    179    180

 
Sponsored Links
 
 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High School English essays
Lower Secondary English essays