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Where and how should children learn values? We know that they need to learn them because values form the beliefs and attitudes that will determine how they live their lives and function in society. To function effectively in society, children need to be taught how to be honest, kind, courteous and considerate. Any society that does not teach children these values would soon fall apart. Similarly, one would expect a nation to be made up of citizens who know how to respect other people and their property. These citizens should also understand the value of humility and self-control. They should appreciate courage and be willing to care for those weaker than themselves. Any nation whose citizens have not been taught these values would soon become a nation not worth living in.

Teaching these values to children cannot be delayed. This is because, unlike young animals, whose instincts are often highly developed at birth, human babies are totally dependent. Human beings have emotional needs, desires, thoughts and feelings which determine action. This is precisely why they must learn values, not just survival skills as do animals. These values will help control the natural responses that result from satisfying purely selfish needs and desires.

Whether we help them or not, children will absorb values as they experience the world. The question is what kind of values? Too many parents have no idea of the diet of violence and depravity that is available for young people today. If we were to watch the programs on television that children watch, the movies they enjoy, and the websites they frequent, we would be shocked at what they are being exposed to. Violence, cruelty, and perversion make up much of their entertainment. What is worrying is that the impressionable young minds of children take what they see seriously. It moulds their thinking and forms their values.

There has to be an antidote to the loose morals that are part of today's culture. But who is to provide it? Children need to know of the alternatives. They need to know that some things are just wrong. They need an environment where they will be supported if they choose to do right. This ability to make right choices based on sound values will become even more important in the years ahead. The children of today are the leaders of tomorrow. The values we have (or have not) imparted will be seen in the decisions they make when they hold positions of responsibility. Will these decisions be based on sound, moral values for the good of society?

In the light of the above, it is clearly unfair to cast the younger generation adrift in the world without some moral compass to guide them. Who is to equip them? Is it the school that should teach them values? Many educators think it is, at least to some extent. Schools can do much to arrest the problem of declining standards and values. The school curriculum can promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development that students need to prepare them for society and adult life. However, most teachers would readily agree that the ultimate responsibility for the development of children's values is not theirs. The main teachers should be the children's parents. The most effective classroom is the home, where the parents set the standards. Teachers can then help by reinforcing these standards and supporting the parents' efforts to eliminate bad habits and inappropriate behavior.


Based on the passage given, write a summary:

the reasons children need to learn values


Your summary must:

be in continuous writing ( not in note form )

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below


Begin your summary as follow:

Children are impressionable and need to be taught moral values ...

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Children are impressionable and need to be taught moral values. These values will form their beliefs and attitudes, determine how they live, and help them function effectively in society. Children are totally dependent. They absorb values they experience and believe the negative influences in the media. They need an antidote to the depravity of today's culture. they must learn to control their natural responses to their needs. They must learn that some things are just wrong, that there are alternatives, and they will be supported if they make right choices. they are the future leaders who will make decisions based on values they have. Therefore they must be equipped with a moral compass to guide them sot hat the problem of declining standards and values can be arrested. (127 words)

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