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Lizards are reptiles of the order Squamata, normally possessing four legs, external ear openings and movable eyelids. As reptiles, they are cold-blooded, lay eggs, and are covered by scales. Different types of lizards have different habitats. Some live in trees, underground, on the banks of rivers or in the desert.

Some lizard varieties eat insects, others fruit, and still others prey on small mammals. They come in all colors and sizes, equipped with innovative methods of defense, reproduction and predation. Each family shares general characteristics, like where they can survive, how they look and what they eat. In each family are many different species. Some lizards look like dinosaurs, while others are small enough to perch on the tip of your finger.

It is believed that lizards are divided into anywhere from six to sixteen families. Just to describe a few, the species can be very different from each other.

Everyone recognizes chameleons' human-like hands as they grasp branches. They are equipped with an opposable thumb and fingers to let them crawl through trees. Their prehensile tails curl and wrap around stems to help with climbing, similar to a monkey's tail. Like frogs, their sticky tongues dart out to catch flying insects. Each eye, enclosed in a convex socket, can move independently, which helps it watch for flies. Chameleons can change the color of their scales based on emotions related to fear.

Skinks are a lesser-known type of lizard. They are often mistaken for a kind of snake because they have tiny, smooth scales on a long, cylindrical body. They have this useful trait, that is their tail's ability to break off when grabbed by a predator, allowing them to quickly slink away.

Iguanas are a popular type of lizard because they make friendly pets. Some species of iguana can grow quite large. Surprisingly, they are entirely vegetarian, snacking on leaves and sweet fruits. Their main defense is their sharply spiked tail that they can whip around when feeling threatened.

House lizards or geckos are diminutive, tropical lizards with bright green bodies and often orange or yellow feet. Their fascinating toes, like suction cups, allow them to shimmy up vertical surfaces in their search for insects. Their oversized eyes let in light for nocturnal hunting. There are more than a thousand different species of geckos. Most geckos have no eyelids. Instead, they have a transparent membrane which they lick to clean. Many species have specialized toe pads that enable them to climb smooth and vertical surfaces and even cross indoor ceilings with ease. Many make their home inside human habitations. These species become part of the house and are seldom got rid of because they feed on insects which are considered as pests.

 

Based on the passage given, write a summary on :

the characteristics of lizards

different species of lizards

 

Your summary must:

be in continuous writing ( not in note form )

not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below

 

Begin your summary as follow:

Lizards are reptiles that possess four legs, external ear openings ...

 
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Answer
 
Lizards are reptiles that possess four legs, external ear openings and movable eyelids. They are divided into anywhere from six to sixteen families. Their habitats differ. Some varieties eat insects, others fruit and still others prey on small mammals. They come in all colors and sizes. The chameleons have human-like hands as they grasp branches. Their limbs enable them to crawl through trees. They can change the color of their scales when they wish. Skinks have tiny, smooth scales on a long, cylindrical body. Their tail can break off when grabbed by a predator. Iguanas are entirely vegetarian, snacking on leaves and sweet fruits. Geckos are diminutive, tropical lizards found in our houses. They have specialized toe pads to enable them to climb smooth and vertical surfaces. (127 words)
     
 
 

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