title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Summary

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 

Read Passage A and Passage B carefully. Use information from both passages to describe the toxic danger of new cars and how these can be avoided. Write your answer in about 100 words.

 

Passage A

Australian scientists warned drivers and passengers of new cars that danger lurks within their brand new vehicles. It is not the soft fabric or leather that encases comfortable bucket seats, or the shining new dashboard, or the designs of the sporty steering wheel that harbor the danger. It is the reassuring smell of the new car that spells danger. The odor actually contains high levels of toxic air emissions that can make the driver and passengers ill.

A research organization in Australia conducted a comprehensive research on three cars. Drivers were asked to keep logs on how they felt and reacted to the lush interiors of their cars. The researchers also carried out observations on the reactions of the drivers and at the same time interviewed them.

Anecdotal evidence was therefore carefully gathered and analyzed. The results revealed that the very smell of a new car that enthralls the new owner, contains high levels of toxic emissions. What is even more alarming is the fact that these toxic emissions are present in cars even after 6 months or longer of leaving the showroom. Anecdotal evidence during the study revealed that drivers were becoming ill when they drove their new cars. A lawyer reported being ill with headaches, lung irritation, and swellings for several days after collecting a new car and driving it for only 10 minutes.

Passage B

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) is Australia's main scientific body. They conducted a research on the toxicity of the interior of new cars over a period of two years. Steve Brown, the head of the CSIRO's air quality control research unit draws a parallel between the home and the car. He says, "Just as air inside our homes and workplaces is often much more polluted than the air outside, so sitting in your new car can expose you to levels of toxic emissions that are many times beyond health guideline goals."

The toxic emissions contain many chemicals and they include for example, benzene, acetone, ethylbenzene, and xylene isomers. The effects of each are far from benign. Benzene is a cancer-causing agent, acetone is a mucosal irritant, ethylbenzene is a systemic toxic agent, and xylene isomers is a foetal development toxic agent.

So what are the precautions that new car owners have to take? Brown pointed out in a statement that the remedy was simple. "To avoid some exposure to this toxic cocktail, people who buy new cars should make sure that there is plenty of outside air entering the vehicle while they drive it for at least 6 months." The implications are clear. Drivers should refrain from using their car air-conditioners and drive with their windows rolled down.

 
Sponsored Links
 
Answer
 
Australian scientists have warned that the reassuring new smell of a new car actually contains high levels of toxic air emissions that can make the driver ill. A study by Australia :s main scientific body, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), revealed that high levels of toxic emissions are found in new cars for up to six months or more after leaving the showroom. The toxic emissions are cancer-causing, a mucosal irritant, a systemic toxic agent and a foetal development toxic agent. The remedy is to make sure that for six months, plenty of fresh air enters the vehicle while driving. (101 words)
     
lush   expensive and luxurious
     
Anecdotal evidence   describes information that is not based on facts or careful study
     
 
 

001    002    003    004    005    006    007    008    009    010    011    012    013    014    015    016    017    018    019    020    021    022    023    024    025    026    027    028    029    020    031    032    033    034    035    036    037    038    039    040    041    042    043    044    045    046    047    048    049    050    051    052    053    054    055    056    057    058    059    060    061    062    063    064    065    066    067    068    069    070    071    072    073    074    075    076    077    078    079    080    081    082    083    084    085    086    087    088    089    090    091    092    093    094    095    096    097    098    099    100    101    102    103    104    105    106    107    108    109    110    111    112    113    114    115    116    117    118    119    120    121    122    123    124    125    126    127    128    129    130    131    132    133    134    135    136    137    138    139    140    141    142    143    144    145    146    147    148    149    150    151    152    153    154    155    156    157    158    159    160    161    162    163    164    165    166    167    168    169    170    171    172    173    174    175    176    177    178    179    180

 
Sponsored Links
 
 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High School English essays
Lower Secondary English essays