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A composting system used on farms in Taiwan is described in this passage. Summarize in about 100 words how the system works.

 
People are getting more aware of the importance of recycling. In many countries, government and non-government bodies are campaigning for the recycling of the mountains of waste that modern living generates.

It is heartening to note that many households are turning their kitchen waste into compost. This practice involves a simple process that recycles uneaten food into fertiliser.

Recently, a lightweight machine was developed by the Japanese for the instant composting of household waste products. It is the size of an average waste bin. It comes fitted with electrical components that enable it to turn kitchen and garden waste into crumbly, dry fertiliser. This is done with the help of a special composting substance available in stores selling the electrical compost bin. When the bin is full, it is switched on and within minutes, it has recycled its contents.

While domestic scale composting has become common in many households, the agricultural community is coming up with more efficient ways to recycle their waste products. In Taiwan, a new system of composting has been developed by farmers. This system recycles almost every item of waste produced.

Firstly, farm waste products in their mixed solid and liquid form are collected in a large vessel. This vessel is connected to a chute along which the waste products are channeled into a large container called the separator.
The separator has two large pipes attached to it. The function of the separator is the important one of sorting the solid waste from the liquid. This highly-automated machine squeezes the waste matter until it is almost 80% dry. After this has been accomplished, it pushes the solid material down the vertical pipe on its right while directing the liquid waste through the horizontal pipe on its left.

After going down the vertical pipe, the solid waste material goes through its final stage of processing. It is collected in large cylindrical containers. These containers are made of a porous material that acts with the contents to produce a final product that is peaty, dry and crumbly in texture. It is now in a completely biodegradable form and is re-used as fertiliser.

The liquid waste is collected in barrels. At this stage of the process, the liquid waste contains less than 20% of solid particles. This is a measure of the efficiency of the machine in separating the solid from the liquid waste matter. The end-product of the liquid waste is further refined for farming purposes. In its refined form it can be used in animal feed and for irrigation purposes.

This machine has attracted the attention of many parties in the agricultural sector of the country. Farmers find it easy to manage and economical. they can safely re-introduce farm waste products into the soil.

 
Mixed farm waste collected
Channeled into a separator
Sorted into solid and liquid
Solid processed into fertiliser
Liquid refined for animal feed and irrigation
 
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Answer
 

Farm waste in mixed solid and liquid form is first collected in a large vessel. From there it goes through a chute into an automated separating machine with two pipes attached to it Here the solid waste is separated from the liquid and squeezed dry. Then it is transported through the vertical pipe and collected in special cylinders. Finally it is transformed in these cylinders into good quality fertiliser. Meanwhile the liquid waste goes through the the pipe and is collected in barrels after which it is further refined. It is then used to feed animals and water the farm.. (100 words)

     
 
 

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