Every nation aims for a developed or advanced status. Only through
development, the nation can progress and ensure the people enjoy a high quality
and standard of living. Deforestation clears land of trees and bushes for
development. Houses, industries, parks and public infrastructure are built on
the cleared land. However, rapid deforestation as a result of greed for quick
wealth is endangering both the wildlife and our health.
In Malaysia, the last
decades since independence have witnessed massive deforestation and clearing of
land for development mainly to build houses, condominiums, theme parks,
industries among others. The purpose is to provide facilities and amenities to
the citizens. However, this is causing major problems to wildlife as their
habitat is destroyed. Our indigenous and unique flora and faun is also being
threatened. Protected species such as tigers, elephants, rhinocerous and others
are dying due to the destruction of their natural habitat. Many are forced to
find new areas which may not be conducive to them. We often hear in the news how
wild tigers and elephants encroach into human habitat and have killed or maimed
humans while foraging for food.
We need to preserve more forests and reserve
areas for these animals as sanctuaries. Aside from providing a haven for these
creatures, preservation of forests is also good for us as trees provide fresh
and health air. As human population increases, so does pollution. Forests and
jungles provide natural protection against pollution by providing uncontaminated
air and trapping pollutants.
The government and nongovernmental organization
must collaborate to protect the green lung. the presence of factories and
increase in number of vehicles on the roads have resulted in an unhealthy
atmosphere. In addition Malaysia regularly suffers the haze problem due to
forests fires from Kalimantan as well as open burning here. This combined with
indiscriminate felling of trees have contributed to a host of medical problems
among citizens of our country. Doctors confirm that there has been a dramatic
increase in people suffering form lung and breathing complications. A major
factor is the destruction of forests coupled with pollution.
Hence, it is
vital that the government take immediate steps to prevent this situation from
worsening. the state governments should designate more forest reserves and great
care must be taken to relocate wild life if their habitat is being cleared for
housing or industries. In fact, the government should reduce the number of
licences being issued to developers and timber logging companies. They are the
main culprits threatening the existence of wild life as well as our health.
Fresh air provided by natural forests is important for human survival.