Going to the zoo is an all-time favorite
activity for children and families. However, there are some who argue against
keeping wild animals in zoos for a number of reasons. In order to make a
decision, we must consider the arguments for and against keeping wild animals in
One benefit of zoos is that they are useful for educating people about
animals. We can observe animals at close range and learn more about them than we
can from books and the TV. It also provides an opportunity to promote the
conservation of endangered species. In addition, zoos allow scientists to study
animal behavior more easily. This helps them to come up with better ways of
protecting animals from
harm in their natural habitat. For example, a number of Chinese zoos have
successfully carried out research on the breeding habits of the giant panda
which has increased the survival rate of this species.
On the other hand, keeping animals in captivity is similar to a prison
sentence. Many zoos do not have large enough enclosures to keep animals
comfortable. The animals have limited freedom to move about.
We often see even the ferocious lions lying passively in their enclosures just
waiting for their next meal to be served. They suffer from stress and boredom.
This in turn causes animals to live shorter lives. For example, Asian elephants
live an average of 19 years in zoos, but live about 42 years in the wild. This
is a very big difference. We have also heard about animals being neglected and
mistreated because their caregivers lack the skill and knowledge to care for
them properly. This is cruel.
Another thing we need to take into consideration is the cost of maintaining a
zoo. A lot of funds are needed to run a zoo. Money is needed to stock the zoo
with all kinds of animals. Staff must be hired and trained to take care of each
species animal. The animals need food and medical care. Special spaces need to
be built to house each type of animal. More staff are needed to clean and
maintain the zoo grounds. Even with all the money and effort spent to keep
animals in a zoo, these animals are still not getting the best. The money and
effort are better channeled to conservation programs.
In conclusion, while zoos do have some advantages in the areas of education
and conservation, it is cruel and selfish to keep animals in an unnatural
prison. If you want to see animals, I advise you to go on a
safari. For conservation and research, set
up sanctuaries like the Sepilok orangutan
sanctuary in Sabah. It is kinder to leave the animals in their natural home -