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Lower Secondary English essays

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Most accidents are caused by rash driving. What is your opinion ?
 
Since the year 2003, the number of fatalities due to road accidents in Malaysia has consistently been above 6,000. Between 2004 and 2013, the death of 65,850 people in road accidents had resulted in as much as RM78 billion being lost in economic contributions with an average of RM1.2 million each. This trend is not only obvious in our nation but in other countries too. A WHO report claims that road accidents take the lives of nearly 1.3 million every year and injure 20 to 50 million more in the world, with India, along with China, listed among countries with the highest number of deaths. Even in the United States, road accidents are on the rise - someone is killed in a road accident every 10 seconds! What is tragic is that most of these accidents could have been easily avoided.

Over 95% of road accidents involve some degree of driver behavior combined with other factors. Drivers always try to blame road conditions, equipment failure, poor road maintenance or other drivers for those accidents. When the facts are truthfully presented, however, the behavior of the driver is usually the primary cause. Most are caused by excessive speed or aggressive driver behavior. Therefore, while I agree that rash driving is the cause of most accidents, other factors should also be considered.

With more people in today's fast-developing world owning personal vehicles, the number of people driving recklessly, without heeding road conditions and pedestrians on the road, has increased. People, especially younger drivers, tend to speed with alarming frequency on highways and through residential areas, school zones and urban streets. What they do not realize is that the faster you drive, the harder it is to stop, making the potential for disaster greater. Combined with speed is recklessness. Some people blatantly disregard the traffic regulations that make our roads safer. They sneer at the rules of the road and exhibit a sense of power when driving. Many of them also show aggressive driving tactics, such as changing lanes without signaling.

On top of these two behaviors, driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs is also on the rise. Youth aged 17 to 29 are the most common culprits and victims of such accidents. A drunken driver cannot perform his task without risk and would endanger traffic safety as alcohol affects the central nervous system of the driver. Even at a level of 0.05 per cent alcohol in blood, the sense of judgment is impaired and the ability to control steering is affected. Similarly, drugs like marijuana can affect a driver's perception and his ability to drive. The driver drives rashly, usually ending in disaster.

Nevertheless, accidents on the road can also be due to road conditions and poor road maintenance. Highway maintenance is very important. When many roads exhibit unsafe conditions like potholes, uneven pavement and various other types of defects, serious road accidents can take place. The best to do is to be wary and keep a lookout for such defects.

Drivers who pay little attention to the condition of their vehicles too, can be blamed for causing accidents. Brake failure, poor tyre condition and blown light bulbs, especially when traveling at night, can also result in vehicles going out of control.

Another cause of accidents that is of increasing concern now is the use of mobile phones. Even a hands-free mobile phone or the use of Bluetooth technology does not guarantee that an accident would not occur when chatting on a mobile phone and driving. These drivers are four times more likely to cause an accident. Besides this, children, animals and construction sites often distract individuals as much as any mobile phone use. We are only human and it can be near impossible to keep our attention on the road when a child in the car is pulling his sister's hair. If the issue requires discipline, it is best to stop at a rest area.

Despite numerous safety measures and tighter laws, accidents continue rising. What is sad is that the brunt of rash driving and drunk driving is faced by pedestrians, cyclists or people traveling in lighter vehicles. The road crashes, which cause grief and suffering for the family members of the deceased and the injured, also result in economic losses to victims, their families and nations as a whole. The only way to reduce this is through education. As most accidents are caused by rash driving, drivers, especially youth, should be made aware of their responsibility when on the road. Thus, we should always be aware of other motorists and pedestrians around us when driving.

     
 
 

 

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Lower secondary English essays 1

 
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