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Lower Secondary English essays

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Cyber crimes
 
Cyber security is an important issue. A computer or cyber crime can be broadly defined as criminal activity involving an information technology infrastructure, including unauthorized access, illegal interception by technical means of non-public transmissions of computer data to, from or within a computer system, data interference, systems interference and electronic fraud.

In very clear terms, when a computer is manipulated to deal with data or a software program in a way that creates loss or damage, a computer crime takes place. This means that a theft or breach of trust has taken place by electronic means. There are several types of computer crimes. Hacking is one of them. It is unauthorized access by any person using a computer and any other communications device to break computer security or circumvent it to enter a computer system. It is air infringement that is at par with `breaking and entering'.

The gravity of hacking is to be weighed against what is actually done upon illegally entering the computer system. Data may be stolen or integrity of the information may be affected which is akin to sabotage and in both cases, there is damage. Some hackers may do nothing but browse. If the intention of a hacker is to destroy files, this can be classified a crime by electronic means.

Pirated software is often made available on unauthorized sites on the Internet and is fairly common. Some people download or purchase pirated software from these sites. Providing pirated software for others to use is a copyright infringement. When you buy software, you do not own it but only acquire the right to use it. Copying a program in its entirety is a contribution to software piracy whereas fair use only allows the reproduction of a part of the copyrighted work.

Computer fraud is dishonest misrepresentation of fact intended to induce another to do or refrain from doing something which causes loss. the act of fraud will result in obtaining a benefit by altering computer input in an unauthorized way. An example is employees altering the data before entry or entering false data or by entering unauthorized instructions or using unauthorized processes. Another example is manipulating banking systems to make unauthorized identity theft with reference to ATM fraud.

As cyber crimes are skyrocketing, with one recent study finding that ninety percent of corporations surveyed have suffered a computer break-in in the last year, new laws have been passed to impose stricter penalties on those guilty. However, the crimes are best prevented not with new criminal penalties but with common sense and the use of simple digital architecture that enhances security. Since computer criminals are so difficult to prosecute, digital architecture plays an even more important role in fighting crime.

     
circumvent   go around
     
infringement   violation
     
refrain   abstain
     
 
 

 

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Lower secondary English essays 1

 
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