title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Comprehension

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 
Have you faced the inevitable when your car gets a scratch or dent from people who park too close to you or when a motorcyclist misjudges the gap and scrapes the fender on your car ? Well, these minor scrapes should not cause you too much concern, especially when you take your vehicle back to a 'Body and Paint Centre'. The B & P centers, located in most major towns, have all the facilities to get your car looking virtually as good as new for a very little cost. But best of all, they will give you the best job you can find for your car that comes with a guarantee too.

Big or small, the job is never too difficult for the B & P centers and each vehicle will be given the same four steps in making your car smile again. firstly, the surface ahs to be prepared for proper paint adhesion. This means that any dents are taken out and where necessary, putty is used to smoothen parts that have either been welded or knocked back into place. The quality of the putty is important as poor quality putty will crack over time. After the putty is applied and cured, sanding is done to ensure that there are no rough edges where the putty and original bodywork meet.

The base primer is then applied. The correct primer is critical for different surfaces and this must be carefully matched to the different kinds of paintwork, such as metallic and mica. Once the primer has been cured, the surface is cleaned. this is to ensure that the surface is dust and grease-free. even hand marks that are invisible to the naked eye can cause paint defects, so solvents are used to clean the surface of all contaminants. Once all the surfaces have been cleaned and the surrounding areas masked off with special non-absorbent sheets, the vehicles get pushed into temperature-controlled booths for the spray job.

The spray painting process itself starts with careful matching of the color. Each of these B & P centers are equipped with paint-mixing equipment that is able to provide the painters with a tint that is as close as possible to what is on the vehicle. While most paints may look the same under normal daylight conditions, it can look very different under different light sources, a phenomenon known as Metamerism. This i why B & P centers have special light boxes which are lit using different lighting to perfectly match the color and tint of the vehicle to be painted. The B & P centers work closely with the assembly plant as well as the paint manufacturer to ensure that the exact formulation is achieved consistently.

Once the paint is matched, the spray painter has to prepare the temperature of the booth to set the curing requirement of the paint thinner. Different paint processes also require different temperature settings, so the spray painter will have to follow strict procedures to get consistent results. Filtration from he top and bottom of the booth ensures that no dust or overspray settles back on the vehicle that would otherwise rob the surface of a brilliant shine. Each vehicle undergoes a complete process of respray, including a base coat, color coat and top coat. Then it receives three layers of lacquer to give it that deep sheen. Once the paint is cured in the booth, it is pushed out and polished. Here it also undergoes a final QC before being released to the customer.

 
  1.

(a) What is the 'inevitable' that the writer was referring to ?

(b) Why shouldn't one be too concerned with it ?

  2.

(a) What does the expression 'making your car smile again' mean ?

(b) Explain the use of 'putty'.

  3.

(a) Give one example of the 'contaminants' to the surface of the car.

(b) How are the contaminants got rid of ?

  4.

(a) What is meant by 'Metamerism' ?

(b) How can it be overcome ?

  5.

(a) How does the spray painter ensure that the right temperature setting is used for spraying ?

(b) What is the last process before the resprayed car is released to the customer ?

Sponsored Links
 
Answers
 

1.

(a) He was referring to a scratch or dent on a car.

(b) One can have the scratch or dent repaired.

 

2.

(a) It means making your car look as good as new again.

(b) It is used to smoothen parts of dents that have been welded or knocked back into place to prepare for paint adhesion later.

 

3.

(a) Dust

(b) They are got rid of by using solvents.

 

4.

(a) It refers to a phenomenon in which the paint of a car may look different under different light conditions.

(b) It cab be overcome by having special light boxes which are lit using different lighting to perfectly match the color and tint of the vehicle to be painted.

 

5.

(a) He just follows the strict procedures to get the result required.

(b) It must pass the final QC.

 
 
 
 

301    302    303    304    305    306    307    308    309    310    311    312    313    314    315    316    317    318    319    320    321    322    323    324    325    326    327    328    329    330    331    332    333    334    335    336    337    338    339    340    341    342    343    344    345    346    347    348    349    350    351    352    353    354    355    356    357    358    359    360    361    362    363    364    365    366    367    368    369    370    371    372    373    374    375    376    377    378    379    380    381    382    383    384    385    386    387    388    389    390    391    392    393    394    395    396    397    398    399    400    401    402    403    404    405    406    407    408    409    410    411    412    413    414    415    416    417    418    419    420    421    422    423    424    425    426    427    428    429    430    431    432    433    434    435    436    437    438    439    440    441    442    443    444    445    446    447    448    449    450    451    452    453    454    455    456    457    458    459    460    461    462    463    464    465

Comprehension 1

 

Sponsored Links

 

 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High school English essays
Lower Secondary English essays