The Active Voice
represents the subject as acting upon an object.
Example : -- The cat caught
In this sentence the subject " cat
" does something to the object " mouse,
" so the verb " caught
' is in the active voice.
The Passive voice
represents the subject as being acted
Example : -- The mouse was
caught by the cat.
Here the subject " mouse
" was the thing acted upon, so the verb " was
caught ' is in the passive voice.