title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Junior  English  essays

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 
As a class assignment, your class has been told to write a description of a local art in terms of a play or dance. You choose to write about the wayang kulit or shadow play.
 
The wayang kulit or shadow puppet play is performed primarily as a form of entertainment in small towns and villages. In the past, it was usual for an individual or a group of villagers to erect a hut-like stage on which the dalang (puppeteer) performed the shadow play. The dalang had to obtain a performing license from the local police authorities for the performances on specific dates and in the given location.

The wayang kulit is an open air performance under the stars. A temporary bamboo platform is constructed in the village square. It has a raised stage on which the puppeteer and musicians sit cross-legged. This `traveling cinema' was popular in villages during the 1970s. A high cloth fence was temporarily erected in a given locality of the countryside, a large screen put up and some admission was charged. The cinema would play in one place over a period of one or two nights and then move on to another location until its planned circuit was completed.

The dalang is a highly venerated artist who displays enormous physical and mental endurance. He is an orator who must be able to repeat many lengthy texts word for word. In addition, he has to compose and sing songs as well as direct the orchestra that accompanies him. Besides all this, he is a poet-playwright who shares new wisdom in a way that satisfies public taste.

A feature of the performance structure was the ritual opening of prayers and food offerings presented to the spirit world. Following customary practice, the play usually began with incantations and prayers asking for safety and help in avoiding danger. However, this practice had been banned because it is not in accordance to Islamic teachings. Wayang kulit performances are now held solely for entertainment purposes.

     
erected   built
     
venerated   to regard with respect
     
incantations   verbal charms or spells to produce a magic effect
     
 
 
 

001    002    003    004    005    006    007    008    009    010    011    012    013    014    015    016    017    018    019    020    021    022    023    024    025    026    027    028    029    030    031    032    033    034    035    036    037    038    039    040    041    042    043    044    045    046    047    048    049    050    051    052    053    054    055    056    057    058    059    060    061    062    063    064    065    066    067    068    069    070    071    072    073    074    075    076    077    078    079    080    081    082    083    084    085    086    087    088    089    090    091    092    093    094    095    096    097    098    099    100    101    102    103    104    105    106    107    108    109    110    111    112    113    114    115    116    117    118    120    121    122    123    124    125    126    127    128    129    130    131    132    133    134    135    136    137    138    139    140    141    142    143    144    145    146    147    148    149    150    151    152    153    154    155    156    157    158    159    160    161    162    163    164    165    166    167    168    169    170    171    172    173    174    175    176    177    178    179    180    181    182    183    184    185    186    187    188    189    190    191    192    193    194    195    196

 
Sponsored Links
 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High School English essays
Lower Secondary English essays