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Relative Pronouns

A Relative Pronouns represents a preceding word.

This preceding word is called the Antecedent.

eg : The man  who is in the garden is my uncle.

In this sentence, the word " who " is a relative pronoun, because it represents the preceding word " man ". Therefore, " man " is the Antecedent of " who ".

The relative Pronouns are : -- who , whose, whom , which that, and what.

Who and whom refer persons.

The man who came is a doctor.

The man whom you love is kind.


Whose refers both to persons and things.

The lady whose box is lost is her daughter.

The book whose cover is red is mine.


Which refers to lower animals and thing.


That is often used for " who, " " whom " or " which " but  never  for ' whose. "

The boy that ( or who ) won the prize is clever.

The man that ( or whom ) you saw is my brother.

This is the house that ( or which ) Chang bought.


What is equal to " that which " or " the thing which " . It contains the meaning of both the relative pronoun and its antecedent.                            

I do not know what ( that which ) he bought.

I do not know what ( the thing which ) he bought.

Note : -  All relative pronouns have the singular and plural alike.   


Personal               Interrogative


Adjectives     Verb     Nouns     Preposition     Adverbs     Pronouns


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