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It is an undeniable fact that a woman's place was once in the home. In the past, women were merely required to fulfil the role of mother and housewife. Today, this situation has changed tremendously. If a woman possesses the attributes and qualities of her male counterpart, she will definitely be given equal opportunities in the career world without much bias. Therefore, women began to make the scene and , eventually, there was a steady flow of women leaving their homes. A certain vacuum or emptiness was thus created in the households. No more could the husbands turn to their wives after a hard day's work. Society marvelled at the ability of women, but it also suffered at the realization of the important role that women play in their homes. Should women be allowed to work after marriage then ? The answer is undoubtedly positive although this issue is highly debatable in terms of the nature of the professions involved. If a woman pursues her career but is at the same time able to care for her home and children, one simply cannot find any reason why she should not be allowed to do so.

 

A woman's influence is greatly needed in the home, on the children. What a child needs most is his mother's care because how the child is moulded depends greatly on her. It is a real pity that women who leave their homes solely in search of a career seldom give a thought to this. The children, being helpless and dependent creatures, may have nobody to turn to at home, except servants or relatives. With the mother back only after a hard day's toil, the children surely do not get much attention.

 

Whether a woman should continue to work after marriage would depend on the nature of her profession. It is a waste of resources if women, after seeking higher education, immediately abandon their careers after matrimony. A woman's effort can also contribute to the well-being and development of society. In the Malaysian context, a teacher is only required to work a five-day week with term holidays every now and then Moreover, she is in school for only half of the day. the other half of the day can be devoted to her home. A teacher, besides educating the society, can fulfil the role of both mother and housewife. There are many other careers like those of nurses, clerks and typists where women can fulfil the double role.

 

Nevertheless, there are may professions which would not be advisable for women to indulge in after marriage. A public relations officer spends almost three-quarters of her time in her career. She has heavy tasks to shoulder which might require her to entertain others till odd hours at night. Women who venture into the business world should think twice before plunging into it. It would be beyond their means to fulfil two demanding roles at the same time.

 

As it is, a woman's most important responsibility still lies in her home. Without her around in the house, one just cannot bear to think of the consequences. Unless and until she can fulfil the basic role of a housewife and mother, she should not make a career her sole responsibility.

               
1.   What was the woman's dominant role in the past ?
               
    (A) as a career woman.  
(B)

as a housewife and mother

    (C) as a career woman and housewife at the same time.  
    (D) as a housewife only.  
               
2.   A career woman is
               
    (A) a housewife  
(B) not a housewife
    (C)

sometimes also a housewife.

 
    (D) often not a housewife.  
               
3.   Teaching is a suitable profession for a woman because
               
    (A) it is a five-day week job.  
(B)

she is able to devote her time to both her school and home.

    (C) it is a five-day week job with term holidays every now and then.  
    (D) she fulfils the requirements of a teacher.  
               
4.   A woman should not be a public relations officer
               
    (A) before marriage because the job demands a lot of her time.  
(B) after marriage because it is not a suitable job for married women.
    (C) before marriage because she has to work into the late hours of the night.  
    (D)

after marriage because she has not enough time to devote to her family.

 
               
5.   Society stands to lose when
               
    (A) women work after marriage.  
    (B)

women devote more time and attention to their careers than to their homes.

    (C) women work as public relations officer.  
    (D) women work outside their homes.  
               
6.  

Choose the correct statement.

               
    (A) All married women should work as teachers.  
    (B) All women should make it a point to work after marriage so as to contribute to the well-being and development of society.
    (C)

Not all homes are neglected if women pursue their careers even after marriage.

 
    (D) When a woman enters into marriage with a man, she should immediately abandon her career.  
         
7.   The phrase "make the scene" in the passage means
         
    (A)

venture into the career world.

 
    (B) realize the importance of career.  
    (C) realize the importance of the women's liberation movement.  
    (D) prove themselves capable of pursuing a career.  
         
8.   A woman can be a career woman after marriage if
         
    (A) she has the qualifications required for that particular profession.  
    (B)

she can play the role of a housewife and mother as well.

 
    (C) she has been working even before she is married.  
    (D) she is a teacher.  
         
 
 
 
 
 

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Comprehension 1

 

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