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The earliest man, the caveman, only worked to fulfil his basic needs : those of food, shelter and clothing.

 

Thus, the caveman was a hunter and trapper of animals and fisherman, while his mate gathered berries, fruits and edible leaves and insects and dug for edible roots.

 

Simple tools were the only sort that he made use of fro hunting, cleaning his kill or preparing his meal. He had spears and arrows and a cutting instrument.

 

His shelter was sometimes built on a tree : a primitive construction with a roof of leaves and bark or leaves and branches for walls -- almost like a nest, perhaps. At other times, he lived in a cave.

 

It was a very precarious life-style, never knowing when he would catch or kill his next meal and being at the mercy of weather and wild beasts. Yet man survived.

 

He developed from the hunter to the nomadic shepherd who wandered from place to place in search of grass and other vegetation for his herds. Then he became a farmer, planting his own crops. Life became more settled then. People chose the place with the most fertile soil and accessible water, built their homes there and planted the land. It was a more secure life. Yet they were still dependent on the whims of weather, of drought, flood and hurricanes.

               
1.   Which of the following is true of the caveman ?
               
    (A) He hunted for all his food.  
(B)

He got his meat by hunting or trapping animals and also by fishing.

    (C) His diet consisted mainly of meat which he trapped or hunted.  
    (D) He lived by hunting, trapping and fishing.  
               
2.   How did the cave people get their edible berries, roots, insects, leaves and fruits ?
               
    (A)

The women gathered them while the men hunted.

 
(B) They planted them and then gathered them.
    (C) They dug them up together.  
    (D) Their friends gathered together and looked for them.  
               
3.   What sorts of tools did the early men have ?
               
    (A) various cutting instruments.  
(B) weapons of all sorts.
    (C) only simple weapons.  
    (D)

only the most primitive implements.

 
               
4.   What dangers did the cavemen have to face ? All the following except
               
    (A) being attacked by dangerous animals.  
(B) drought.
    (C)

pests.

 
    (D) not being able to trap any animals.  
               
5.   Where did the earliest man live ?
               
    (A)

in caves or tree huts

 
    (B) mainly in trees
    (C) mainly in caves  
    (D) in caves, tree-shelters and nests  
               
6.  

Which of the following is the best representation of the early man's progress ?

               
    (A) hunter --> trapper --> gatherer --> shepherd --> farmer  
    (B)

hunter --> trapper and gatherer --> shepherd --> farmer

    (C) hunter --> trapper --> nomad --> shepherd --> farmer  
    (D) hunter --> trapper and gatherer --> shepherd and farmer  
         
7.   Why was the early man a nomad ?
         
    (A) He liked to move about.  
    (B) He did not enjoy staying in one place.  
    (C) He had to search for his herds.  
    (D)

His animals needed to move about to find food.

 
         
8.   Why did the early man stop becoming  a nomad ?
         
    (A) He found land that was fertile.  
    (B) He found that he preferred to settle down.  
    (C)

He needed to look after his crops and protect his home and land.

 
    (D) He finally found places that had fertile land and accessible water.  
         
 
 
 
 
 

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Comprehension 1

 

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