title

Custom Search

 

[ Correct English | Common Errors | Words Differentiation | Sample Letters | Glossary of Correct Usage | Common Sentences | Q & A ]

[ English Compositions | Movie Reviews | High School Vocab | Advertisements ]

Sponsored Links

<<Prev

Comprehension

Next>>

   
TOEFL Vocabulary
English Conversation
English Grammar
American Idioms
English Comprehension
English Summary
English News
Business Idioms
 
During the closing decades of the 18th century, and the opening decades of the 19th century, a constellation of literary and scientific luminaries appeared in the European sky which indicated and inaugurated the Age of Reason. God was dethroned and Reason become the throned sovereign of philosophy. Now science receives our highest worship. The scientist is the pope of today and sits in the Vatican of world authority. We receive his learned revelation in a spirit of religious awe. We trust his pontifical pronouncements as once nearly all Europe trusted the creeds and dogmas of the church.

It is not the purpose of these thoughts to decry science, to cast contempt upon that vast structure of patiently acquired facts. I possess a profound respect for the intellectual abilities and the patient character of the scientist. I believe his work has its right and useful place in life. But I do not believe that place is highest. The practical utility of the scientific method is not to be deprecated. Only the fool will scorn the wonders which science has given man, though we would do well to pause and remember Disreali's perceptive remark: "The European talks of progress because by the aid of a few scientific discoveries he has established a society which has mistaken comfort for civilization.' The fact that his attention inwards, to use the same methods of experiment and deduction upon the subjective world, to turn his searchlight of investigation towards the center of his own mind, and he will penetrate the sphere of the spiritual. Science has made the strides of a giant, but all her steps are in one direction - out wards, ever outwards. This is as it should be. Now the time has come to put an inside to her discoveries, to ensoul the forms she has created.

Is the soul a mere academic concept, an intellectual plaything of the professors to accept or deny? Is it only something upon which theologians may victoriously sustain their theses, and at which rationalists may fire their verbal shrapnel? At present the scientist can find no chemical trace of soul; he cannot make it register on any of his instruments as he can make a gas register. But if chemical and mechanical reactions cannot be obtained, he need not therefore give up the quest baffled. Another way lies open. It may not be a conventional way, but it leads to the same objective - the discovery of the soul. If he loves truth better than convention, if he values the understanding of human life more than he values the understanding of a bit of rock, he will investigate that way.

   
  Questions
   
  1. (a) What is the tone of the phrase 'a constellation of literary and scientific minds' ?
    (b) What is the writer's attitude to science ?
    (c) How does the writer compare scientists with the pope ?
       
  2. (a) The author says he is not trying to decry science. So what is he trying to do ?
    (b) Where should the scientist turn for his search and why ?
    (c) What method should the scientist use to experiment in spiritual matters ?
       
  3. (a) Explain the quotation from Disraeli in your own words.
    (b) Why do scientists not investigate into the soul ?
       
  4.   For each of the following words give one word or short phrase ( not more than seven words ) which has the same meaning as it has in the passage.
      i.   dethroned   v.   deprecated
      ii.   revelation   vi.   perceptive
      iii.   awe   vii.   strides
      iv.   decry   viii.   shrapnel
       
  5. In your own words, summarize what the writer is upset about with regard to scientists attitudes and what he thinks they should do. Use not more than 160 words.
       
Sponsored Links

 

       
  Answers
       
  1. (a) The writer is obviously sarcastic.
    (b) he thinks that science is trying to be a know all.
    (c) Whereas the pope at one time told people what to believe in, now scientists are doing it.
       
  2. (a) He wants science to be unbiased about all subjects.
    (b) Science should apply itself to spiritual knowledge.
    (c) He should turn his study inwards into himself.
       
  3. (a) The people of Europe talk about progress because of a few discoveries by science, and have assumed that good living was civilized.
    (b) They cannot apply their conventional knowledge to the study of souls so they shrink from it.
       
  4. i depose
    ii enlightenment
    iii fear
    iv criticize
    v to be belittled
    vi understanding
    vii moves
    viii salvo
       
  5. At one time it used be the church which dictated what was correct or wrong. Now science has got this attitude. I believe that science has its place in the nature of things, but I do not accept that it should be the highest authority. Scientists have confined their attention to the world of objectivity and this does not reduce their discoveries, but they should pay attention to what lies within man. They have to use the same methods to go into matters which are spiritual. This does not happen now as all science's steps are taken outwards. the time has come for science to look inwards.

Science cannot make the excuse that it cannot find traces of the soul with all its methods and tools. The way to go about seeking spiritual truths may not be the conventional method that it is used to. But if science values human life more than materials, it should investigate in this direction. ( 160 words )

           
 
 
 
 
 

301    302    303    304    305    306    307    308    309    310    311    312    313    314    315    316    317    318    319    320    321    322    323    324    325    326    327    328    329    330    331    332    333    334    335    336    337    338    339    340    341    342    343    344    345    346    347    348    349    350    351    352    353    354    355    356    357    358    359    360    361    362    363    364    365    366    367    368    369    370    371    372    373    374    375    376    377    378    379    380    381    382    383    384    385    386    387    388    389    390    391    392    393    394    395    396    397    398    399    400    401    402    403    404    405    406    407    408    409    410    411    412    413    414    415    416    417    418    419    420    421    422    423    424    425    426    427    428    429    430    431    432    433    434    435    436    437    438    439    440    441    442    443    444    445    446    447    448    449    450    451    452    453    454    455    456    457    458    459    460    461    462    463    464    465    466    467    468    469    470    471

Comprehension 1

 

Sponsored Links

 

 
 
American Slang
English Proverbs
English Exercises
Common English mistakes
Ancient Chinese stories
Junior English essays
High school English essays
Lower Secondary English essays